Publicado por: Ricardo Shimosakai | 20/01/2016

Blind Adventurer Trains for His Scariest Challenge Yet


Despite losing his vision at the age of 13, Erik Weihenmayer has become one of the most accomplished adventurers in the world.Despite losing his vision at the age of 13, Erik Weihenmayer has become one of the most accomplished adventurers in the world.

Erik Weihenmayer stood on a concrete berm above a gushing crest of white water and cocked his head slightly. “Sounds gnar,” he said. He was referring to the ear-bone-rattling roar surrounding him, the sound of 536,000 gallons of water spewing each second through six industrial pumps at the U.S. National Whitewater Center.

Weihenmayer, considered among the most accomplished blind athletes in the world, is perhaps best known for being the first person without sight to climb to the summit of Mount Everest. But his accomplishments extend to other extreme sports, including ice climbing, solo sky-diving and paragliding. Now he wants to add kayaking, and he is gravely aware of the challenges.

“I think blind kayaking is a different sport than a sighted person kayaking because you rely on your eyes so much,” he said. “I’m trying to feel what’s under my boat and what’s under my paddle, and to use my ears, and everything is happening so quickly. Without eyes it’s like sensory overload.”

Weihenmayer, 44, has come to the white-water center to train with Robert Raker, a friend and a paddling coach, and to master the necessary techniques to navigate a small plastic boat over a moving mountain of white water. If the training goes well, Weihenmayer said, next year, he will attempt to descend the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon, one of the nation’s most challenging stretches of river. It is a feat no blind person has attempted.

Along with Raker, Weihenmayer is being instructed by two Olympic paddlers, Casey Eichfeld, a member of the United States team who competed in men’s slalom canoe at the 2008 and 2012 Olympics, and Pablo McCandless, a member of the Chilean Olympic kayaking team who competed in Beijing in 2008.

“It’s amazing to watch him progress,” said McCandless, who has been helping Weihenmayer hone his combat roll, perhaps a kayaker’s most critical skill, and one regularly employed by the best kayakers. The combat roll is a move kayakers use to right themselves if their kayak capsizes. McCandless is also teaching him how to perform a draw stroke, a technique that helps a paddler navigate using the water’s momentum.

“Just for a sighted person, there are so many variables that go into what he’s doing. This takes it all to a completely new level,” McCandless said.

Unlike many of the nation’s rivers, where dangers lurk below the surface of the water, like rocks and logs that can snag a foot and hold a person underwater, the white-water center provides kayakers a safe environment to paddle the rapids of an artificial recirculating river. The United States Olympic canoe and kayak team trains here.

Erik Weihenmayer and his service dog near his home in Golden, ColoradoErik Weihenmayer and his service dog near his home in Golden, Colorado

“The rapids are very consistent, and so you can go through them one after the next and you can keep doing it all day long until you’re exhausted,” Weihenmayer said. “It makes white water accessible in a way that, knock on wood, it’s not going to kill you.”

The Grand Canyon will offer no such luxuries. Considered one of the world’s premier white water spots, the run has boulders the size of small cars that can create waves up to 15 feet high. While Weihenmayer and his team will be accompanied by a raft, ample supplies and a satellite phone to reach the National Park Service rangers, the team will be essentially cut off from civilization for almost three weeks as they make the descent.

“There are some places where you can’t even use a satellite phone,” Weihenmayer said. “Communication throughout the trip is going to be very spotty.”

He added, “This is 10 times scarier than the scariest thing I’ve ever done, and I’ve done some pretty scary things.”

Although he is probably best known for his ascent of Mount Everest in 2001, which landed him on the cover of Time Magazine, and subsequent successful efforts of scaling the tallest peaks on all the continents, known as the Seven Summits, many of his other accomplishments, while less publicized, are perhaps more impressive.

“I think some of the ice climbs he’s done are the most impressive because technically and athletically, they are far more challenging than doing Everest,” Raker said. Indeed, in 2008 Weihenmayer scaled a 3,000-foot ice waterfall in the Himalayas called Losar.

“Everest is a huge, respectable accomplishment,” said Conrad Anker, a mountaineer who has also scaled Losar. “For most people that would be their lifetime achievement.”

Weihenmayer began paddling a kayak four years ago by learning to do a combat roll in a mountain lake. He and Raker eventually moved on to slow-moving water on the Upper Colorado River near Grand Lake, where they live. Over time, the two developed a simple system for communicating that would help Weihenmayer navigate a river’s rapids.

Raker, an experienced kayaker, paddles behind Weihenmayer and calls out the direction he wants him to turn and how far.

“We try to keep the information to a minimum because too many descriptive things ends up with him having to process too much,” Raker said. “We keep it down to very few commands like small right, small left and hard right, hard left.”

Small right or left means a 90-degree turn and hard right or left means turn a full 180 degrees. Charge means to paddle ahead furiously. The system has worked well on small rapids, but it became insufficient when they moved up to the rougher rapids of the Green River in Utah.

On a trip last year, the team employed two-way radios that were designed to function underwater. But the radios did not work. On one particularly treacherous stretch of Class IV white water, which is a class of rapids for more advanced paddlers because of the intense rapids, Weihenmayer became separated from Raker, and the radio’s signal diminished in the churning current. Raker’s voice became a muffled mess.

“It was like Charlie Brown’s teacher yelling at you,” Weihenmayer said.

Weihenmayer paddled hard and executed the combat roll when a monster wave capsized his boat. Raker caught up to him, and they navigated safely to shore. But the experience shook Weihenmayer.

“My brain was so overwhelmed,” he said. “I was hyperventilating, and I was like paddling into the eddy and saying, ‘I gotta get out of this kayak.’ ”

He cannot prepare for situations quite like that at the white-water center. On a recent run, Weihenmayer dropped through a six-foot falls called Sunset that sent him hurtling into a wall of roiling white water. The wave knocked him over and he executed a perfect combat roll, righting his kayak and spinning off into a swirling eddy, where he stopped to catch his breath.

“Gnar,” he said.

Source: The New York Times


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